Israel Launches New Spy Satellite 07/06 06:47
Israel's Defense Ministry announced the successful launch of a new spy
satellite early on Monday that would help the country monitor Iran's nuclear
activity as its foreign minister hinted that Israel may have been behind a fire
that damaged an Iranian nuclear site last week.
JERUSALEM (AP) -- Israel's Defense Ministry announced the successful launch
of a new spy satellite early on Monday that would help the country monitor
Iran's nuclear activity as its foreign minister hinted that Israel may have
been behind a fire that damaged an Iranian nuclear site last week.
The "Ofek 16" satellite gives Israel what officials described as an
additional tool in keeping tabs on many threats from across the region, joining
a fleet of Israeli spy satellites that have been launched over the past two
decades. While officials did not identify specific threats, arch-enemy Iran,
which Israel accuses of trying to develop nuclear weapons, is first among them.
The launch came a day after Iran finally acknowledged that a mysterious fire
last week damaged a new centrifuge assembly center in Iran's underground Natanz
nuclear site, with suspicion immediately falling on Israel.
Iranian officials had initially sought to downplay Thursday's fire, calling
it an "incident" that affected an "industrial shed." But on Sunday they
confirmed that centrifuges had been damaged and their development and
production delayed. It comes amid a spate of other mysterious explosions at
Iranian industrial complexes in recent months that have also been attributed to
Israel has previously proven its ability to penetrate sensitive Iranian
facilities, including with the 2018 raid in Tehran when Israeli officials said
Mossad agents broke into a warehouse and stole thousands of documents connected
to Iran's nuclear program. Israel and the U.S. are also believed to have been
behind the Stuxnet computer virus that disrupted Iran's nuclear program a
Israel has not officially commented on the fire in Natanz, in line with its
standard policy of neither confirming nor denying secretive overseas operations.
But in a speech, Foreign Minister Gabi Ashkenazi noted that it was Israel's
long-term strategy to prevent Iran from having the ability to build a nuclear
Without mentioning Natanz, Ashkenazi, who was Israel's military chief during
the Stuxnet period, said at a conference that Israel takes "actions that are
better left unsaid."
The leader of his Blue and White party, Defense Minister Benny Gantz, warned
in a radio interview Sunday that while it was understandable to suspect Israel,
"not every incident that happens in Iran necessarily has something to do with
Gantz, like Ashkenazi a former military chief of staff, called Monday's
satellite launch an "extraordinary achievement."
"Technological superiority and intelligence capabilities are essential to
the security of the state of Israel," he said.
Israel, as a rule, does not confirm the number of its operational satellites
but Amnon Harari, the head of the ministry's Space and Satellite
Administration, mentioned at least two others, the Ofek 5, launched in 2002,
and the Ofek 11, launched in 2016. He said that having additional spy
satellites improved the speed and depth at which Israel can gather intelligence.
"All the group of satellites are being used to monitor any threats on the
state of Israel, which as you know are sometimes far away and immediate so they
require constant monitoring," he said. "You can assume that once you have more
than one satellite in parallel in the sky, you achieve better visit times over
the targets of interest."
The satellite was developed by the ministry, along with the state-owned
Israel Aerospace Industries. The ministry said Ofek 16 was launched at 4 a.m.
from the Palmachim air base in central Israel into space. It described the Ofek
as an "electro-optical reconnaissance satellite with advanced capabilities."
Shlomi Sudri, the general manager of IAI's space division, said the Ofek was
in orbit and sending "healthy signals" to a ground station. He said he expected
it to begin transmitting photos in about a week.
Israel considers Iran to be its greatest threat, citing its development of
long-range missiles, its military presence in neighboring Syria and its suspect
nuclear program, and it keeps a close eye on Iran.
Alex Fishman, the defense analyst of the Yedioth Ahronot daily, said the
suspicion that Israel was involved in last week's fire at the Natanz nuclear
site made sense.
"Someone decided that a window of opportunity had opened, that Iran was in
distress, and that now was the time to strike wherever possible," he wrote.
"Now, when Iran is suffering from a huge socio-economic crisis, that is the
time to try to destabilize the regime, to encourage domestic resistance, to
compel Iran to invest money in defense and in rebuilding infrastructure at the
expense of its military projects."
Iran has yet to outright accuse Israel. A spokesman for its nuclear agency,
Behrouz Kamalvandi, said Sunday that work had begun on the Natanz center in
2013 and it was inaugurated in 2018.
He said that the fire had damaged "precision and measuring instruments," and
that the center had not been operating at full capacity due to restrictions
imposed by Tehran's 2015 nuclear deal with world powers. Iran began
experimenting with advanced centrifuge models in the wake of the U.S.
unilaterally withdrawing from the deal two years ago.