Trump, Erdogan to Meet Wednesday 11/13 06:13
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and President Donald Trump will meet
as relations between the two NATO allies are at their lowest point in decades,
with Turkey rebuffing the U.S. and turning toward Russia on security issues and
Ankara facing a Washington backlash over attacks on Kurdish civilians during
its incursion into Syria last month.
WASHINGTON (AP) -- Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and President
Donald Trump will meet as relations between the two NATO allies are at their
lowest point in decades, with Turkey rebuffing the U.S. and turning toward
Russia on security issues and Ankara facing a Washington backlash over attacks
on Kurdish civilians during its incursion into Syria last month.
Erdogan and Trump have a difficult agenda Wednesday that includes Turkey's
decision to buy a Russian air defense system and its attack on U.S.-allied
Kurdish forces in northern Syria. Their scheduled afternoon news conference,
however, will give Trump a stage to counter the first public hearings in the
House impeachment inquiry.
Trump says Turkey has been a critical U.S. ally for decades, cites the
strong economic upside to the relationship and maintains that the two countries
have enough in common to overcome their differences. Some in Congress say
Erdogan should never have been invited to the White House in the first place.
Last month, the House overwhelmingly passed a bill to sanction senior
Turkish officials and its army for the military incursion into Syria to fight
the Kurds. Erdogan sees Kurdish forces in Syria as an extension of a separatist
Kurdish group that's been fighting inside Turkey since the 1980s.
In the Senate, two Democrats introduced legislation denouncing Turkey's
targeting of journalists, political opponents, dissidents, minorities and
others. They said the Turkish government had imprisoned more than 80,000
Turkish citizens, closed more than 1,500 non-governmental organizations on
terrorism-related grounds and dismissed or suspended more than 130,000 civil
servants from their jobs.
"This is not the time or place to be extending hospitality and exchanging
niceties with a dictator," said Sen. Jeanne Shaheen, a New Hampshire Democrat
who sits on the Foreign Relations and Armed Services committees.
In October, Trump moved U.S. troops in Syria out of the way of invading
Turkish troops, a decision that critics said amounted to abandoning America's
Kurdish allies to be attacked.
"It has upended what was an oasis of stability, damaged U.S. credibility and
standing on the world stage and strengthened the hands of Russia, Iran" and the
Syrian government of Bashar Assad, Shaheen said.
Trump administration officials have said the president told Turkey not to
invade Syria. But when Erdogan insisted, they say Trump decided to move 28
Green Berets operating on the Turkey-Syria border so they wouldn't be caught in
a crossfire between Turkish-backed forces and the Kurds.
A State Department official said Trump is not rewarding Erdogan with a White
House visit but is conducting diplomacy. The official said high-level
consultations are needed because of the volatile situation in Syria that has
displaced tens of thousands of people.
Amnesty International recently released a report documenting killings, human
rights violations and possible war crimes caused by Turkey-backed forces in
"There has been a callous disregard for civilian lives, including attacks on
residential areas," said Margaret Huang, executive director of Amnesty
International USA. "Over 100,000 people have fled this offensive and there are
fears that the displaced are not getting access to food, to clear water, or to
She said Trump must send a message to Erdogan that these actions and
unlawful behavior must stop and that those responsible be held accountable.
A senior State Department official said that the U.S. is following up on
reports of human rights violations and indiscriminate killings. The official
was not authorized to discuss the issue publicly and spoke only on condition of
The U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights has urged Turkey to investigate
reported cases of summary executions committed by a Turkish-backed armed group
in northern Syria. The U.N. cited video footage showing fighters with the Ahrar
al-Sharqiya armed group filming themselves capturing and executing three
Kurdish captives on a highway in northern Syria.
The State Department has looked into these killings and has asked Turkey to
investigate. The Turks have told the U.S. that the Syrians have set up a
commission, the official said, but it's unclear what, if any, action the panel
Turkey reached truce agreements with Russia and the United States last month
that halted the incursion and forced Kurdish fighters to retreat from Turkey's
southern border. But Erdogan claims the Kurds have not vacated border areas and
says he will give Trump a list of attacks carried out by Mazloum Abdi, the
commander of the U.S.-backed Syrian Kurdish-led force.
On the U.S. side, Trump will be expressing continued concern about Erdogan's
purchase of the Russian S-400 air defense system. The U.S. and fellow NATO
nations say the S-400 would aid Russian intelligence and compromise a U.S.-led
fighter jet program.
The U.S. has since kicked Erdogan out of a multinational program producing
components of America's high-tech F-35 fighter jet. In response, Erdogan
attended an annual Russian air show this summer in Moscow and expressed
interest in buying the latest Russian Su-35 fighter jets.
Trump has not yet decided whether to impose congressional sanctions on
Turkey for the S-400 purchase.
During his visit, Erdogan will be trying to get Turkey back in the F-35
program and also try to end an ongoing prosecution against a major Turkish
bank, said Max Hoffman at Center for American Progress. Halkbank is accused of
carrying out a scheme to evade sanctions against Iran by moving billions of
dollars of Iranian oil revenue illegally.
Birol Baskan, a scholar at the Middle East Institute, says Turkey needs the
U.S. on its side to balance Russia and Iran's interests in Syria. "The problem
is, the U.S. seems not to be interested in doing that," Baskan said.